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9 Effective Steps to Create an Industrial Waste Management Plan

BULETIN TEKSTIL.COM – Business owners must be proactive in waste management, from raw materials until the end of product usage, so that less waste is produced.

Industrial activity is a key component of supporting development and increasing the country’s economic growth. However, industrial activity can have both beneficial and harmful consequences.

The positive impact is increased production of products and services, which can improve the quality of life. While the negative result is that trash and pollution are produced, natural resources are harmed, and the quality of life is reduced as the environment contaminated.

If the volume or concentration of industrial waste exceeds environmental quality limits, it might have a detrimental impact. An environmental quality standard is a threshold value or maximum content limit for a material or component that can be present in the environment without causing negative consequences.

Waste originating from the output of certain industries or enterprises is referred to as industrial waste. In the age of industrialization, industrial waste has become a severe concern, particularly in terms of waste management.

Fundamental waste management challenges include:

  • Lack of knowledge among business players, particularly those from tiny industrial organizations
  • Waste management is not well understood by industrial business actors.
  • There is no point of contact between parties who can use waste and enterprises that generate garbage.

As a result, education in the management of company waste is critical. Waste management must begin as soon as the manufacturing process begins. This means that waste management must be carried out from upstream to downstream since failure to do so would result in lethal contamination.

Waste that is not adequately handled can be a source of sickness, environmental contamination, and mortality.

The Impact of Industrial Waste


Minamata disease is a bleak historical record of the influence of industrial pollution on human health in Japan. Minamata Bay in Japan was formerly contaminated with mercury.

As a consequence, up to 2,265 people were assaulted, and 1,784 people died from poisoning after eating fish and shellfish from the contaminated water. Minamata disease causes a disruption in the central nervous system, causing sufferers to lose control of their limb motions.

The impact of industrial trash is more harmful than that of residential or home waste due to its size and composition. Industrial waste is more harmful since it is produced in big quantities and with the same material composition on a constant basis. As a result, if it is not appropriately controlled, the ecosystem will suffer indefinitely.

  1. Gases, dust, tiny granules/small particles, and other industrial waste


  • Toxic gases can impair brain function, induce respiratory issues, and/or cause eye discomfort.
  • Smog and mist may impede eyesight and breathing.
  • Dust can obstruct respiration and, if hazardous (for example, lead), can cause neurological, respiratory tract, and anemia problems. Meanwhile, asbestos-containing dust can cause mesothelioma, wood dust can induce occupational asthma, silicosis, and pneumoconiosis, and coal dust can cause pneumoconiosis.
  • Acid rain is produced when the layers of the earth’s atmosphere are damaged.
  • Climate change on a global scale.
  1. Liquid industrial waste


Liquid waste (including toxins) that pollutes rivers can cause a variety of health issues, including:

  • Anemia
  • Central nerve system dysfunction
  • Learning problems, behavioral changes, and intelligence abnormalities are examples of psychological disorders.
  • Constipation, diarrhea, nausea, loss of appetite, and colic are symptoms of digestive system diseases.
  • Irritation of the skin
  1. Solid industrial waste


  • Toxic gases such as sulfuric acid (H2S) and ammonia (NH3) are produced.
  • As a result of the piled-up rubbish, air quality suffers.
  • Water quality suffers as a result.
  • Ground deterioration
  • Causing diarrhea, leptospirosis, and skin illness.

9 Steps to Creating an Industrial Waste Management Plan

When carrying out industrial expansion, business owners must consider the potential negative consequences and make measures to mitigate these consequences.

All company actors must examine their waste production and identify the best strategy to manage it in accordance with existing regulatory rules.

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the following procedures should be taken while developing a waste management plan:

  1. Create a trash management team.

Assign a waste management team to handle and manage garbage in each manufacturing area and across the industry. This waste management team should contain a number of knowledgeable employees, such as plant operators, engineers, chemists/chemists, or production managers.

The team coordinator is in charge of submitting frequent updates to corporate leaders on all waste management issues. The size of the organization influences the development of a waste management team.

  1. Identify the extent of waste management

The scope, including waste management goals and objectives, should be defined by the team coordinator. Each industry is distinct in terms of the kind, industrial activities carried out, and waste management technologies available.

In this situation, the management team must also understand the rationale for the waste assessment program and its goals, as well as business environmental regulations, such as waste minimization initiatives.

In terms of trash assessment, the waste management coordinator should build a waste assessment team in each production region, including assigning someone to be in charge of conducting the overall assessment program.

If there are four distinct production areas and a waste treatment location, for example, the waste assessment procedure can be carried out by four different teams. As a result, each team conducts an examination with a distinct focus. During the evaluation process, each team must communicate with one another.

  1. Make a strategy before conducting a survey or evaluation

The garbage pre-assessment stage comes next. The waste assessment process focuses on the plant’s operations and procedures, as well as a review of production raw materials and waste treatment and disposal techniques.

The waste management staff must do the following:

  • Make a list of all the factory’s manufacturing operations.
  • Collect all available information about each manufacturing activity; provides an overview of all compounds or raw materials used in production
  • This report provides a summary of all waste and emissions generated in each manufacturing sector.
  • Make a list of all environmental safeguards. This is in reference to Law No. 32 of 2009 on Environmental Protection and Management.
  • Identify all occupational safety and health (K3) and waste regulation obligations for each production activity.
  • Make a list of known garbage or waste pollution concerns.
  • Determine the importance of production operations to be evaluated. Run the waste management scope.

The waste management and assessment team must next decide how and when the waste assessment will be performed.

  1. Perform a waste survey/assessment

The waste assessment process in each production area comprises determining the type of waste produced, conducting waste sampling, analysis, and measurement, studying trash usage, and determining the environmental effect of waste. Waste evaluation must be done gradually and systematically. During a waste assessment, pay close attention to what has to be followed up on.

       5. Perform a feasibility assessment and analysis.

At this step, the waste management and assessment team examines the waste assessment data, finds potential for economic and environmental advantages, and produces numerous waste reduction program choices.

To choose which waste minimization opportunity to be chosen or accept, do a technical and economic feasibility study of each alternative.

Waste reduction is an endeavor to minimize the volume, concentration, toxicity, and danger level of waste generated during the manufacturing process by conserving resources and energy and/or using trash through reuse, recycling, and recovery.

After all attempts to reduce waste have been exhausted, the garbage that has been generated is handled in accordance with the required environmental quality requirements.

  1. Prepare a report on the trash assessment results.

The trash assessment report must be carefully recorded and incorporate all of the information that has previously been gathered. The trash assessment report typically contains the waste kinds created, the dangers or consequences caused, and the waste minimization measures to be implemented.

  1. Make a waste management strategy.

The waste management team should analyze both the waste assessment report and the feasibility study of the chosen waste minimization approach. A waste management plan is then developed and implemented.

The management team must assess the operating expenses of the chosen waste reduction approach while developing a waste management plan. This data may be used to track progress and save money on environmental costs.

The waste management plan that is being developed is not yet in the form of a technical document, but rather a debate about how trash is assessed and how waste minimization strategies are chosen and executed. What kind of activities to be performed, when to do it, and the goals to be accomplished or expected must be clear.

The waste management strategy must be a document that workers and other parties in the corporate environment can easily read and comprehend. The waste management plan document serves as a starting point or guidance for reducing waste output.

  1. Implement a waste management strategy

After the waste management plan has been authorized by the company’s leadership, many techniques can be socialized and explained to employees, and then implemented in accordance with the plan’s processes.

In some circumstances, the waste management plan must be approved by the local government. The waste management team should monitor plan execution, performance of improvements, and plan review on a regular basis.

  1. Keep an eye on and assess the waste management strategy.

Waste reduction is a process, not an end goal. The waste management strategy should be evaluated and revised on a regular basis for two reasons: first, to ensure that ineffective waste management practices are not repeated, and second, to find new waste minimization possibilities.

(Red B-Teks/Ly)

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